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  1. #1

    100 Questions pertaining to Fasting - Shaykh Abu Abdur-Rahman Abdullah Al-Iryaanee

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

    These are some translations of the book of shaykh Abdullah Al-Iryaanee "100 Questions pertaining to Fasting "
    And in shaa Allah some of the questions are translated due to that we will send them here ; in order for the people to benefit from the benefits that the Shaykh mentioned whilst we are still in this Month .

    Baarakallaahu feekum

  2. #2

    100 Questions Pertaining to Fasting
    Shaykh Abu Abdir-Rahman Abdullaah Al-Iryanee
    (May Allah Preserve Him)

    Translated by
    Abu Abdillaah Abdur-Rahman Al-Pakistanee (may allah forgive him)

    (QUESTIONS 1-12)

    Question 1 : What is the definition of Siyaam (Fasting) ?

    Answer: "Fasting in the legislation is: a specific restraining , in a specified time, from a specific person, with specific Conditions" ((Sharh Muslim)) ((Fath Al Baaree))

    (Specific Restraining) : that is: the avoidance of every nullifier and everything that invalidates the fast that has been specified in the legislation, like eating and drinking, intercourse, and other than it such as injections.

    (In a specified time) : that is: which is specified in the legislation. It is from the rising of the second fajr until the sun goes down.

    (From a specific person) : that is: from a Muslim, who is sane , who is Baaligh (one whom reached the age of puberty), who is able, who is a resident, and not the one who is menstruating or has post-natal bleeding. So it is not obligatory to perform it with the existence of a legislative excuse, rather he must make it up after the removal of this excuse.

    Question 2: When was the Fasting in the month of Ramadan made Obligatory?

    Answer : Fasting in Ramadan was made obligatory in the second year of the Hijrah An-Nabawiyyah, And it was said in month of Sha’baan. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم fasted for nine Ramadans . ((Al-Majmu’)) by An-Nawawee ((Zaad Al-Ma’aad)) , ((Subul As-Salaam)) .

    Question 3 : What is the evidence for the obligation of fasting the month of Ramadan?

    Answer: The evidences for this : the Book, the Sunnah, and consensus (Ijma').
    Allah: O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun [2:183]

    And He said: So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month [2:185]

    The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said : “Islam is built on five (pillars): Testimony that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, establishing Salah, giving Zakah, Hajj, and fasting Ramadan” Agreed upon on the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar رضي الله عنه . In the two Saheehs from the hadeeth of Tahlah bin Ubaydullah رضي الله عنه that a Bedouin came and asked the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم about the obligations of Allah upon him. So he asked: "Inform me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards fasting." He صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, "You have to fast during the whole month of Ramadan, unless you want to fast more as Nawafil"

    A consensus was recorded for that from a group of the People of Knowledge, from them is Imaam An-Nawawee in his book ((Al-Majmu’)

    Question 4: Does Allah accept the fast of one who boycotts the prayer ?

    Answer: The People of Knowledge said that Allah will not accept the fast of the one who boycotts the prayer because Allah, the Exalted says: Verily, Allah accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqun [5:27] The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم has indeed said ‘The covenant that distinguishes between us and them is prayer; so whoever leaves it, he has committed Kufr.’ Reported by Ahmed and the four [Sunan] , on the authority of Buraydah and he said: between a person and between kufr is the abandoning of the salah" reported by the Jamaa’ah except Al-Bukharee , on the authority of Jaabir رضي الله عنه . ((Fiqh Al-Ibaadaat)) ((Ijabah As-Saa’il ala Ahamm Masaail))

    Question 5 : When is it obligatory for one to fast the month of Ramadan?

    Answer:- It is obligatory by the affirmation of the sighting of the crescent moon of Ramadan,or by completing the month of Sha’baan with 30 days due his صلى الله عليه وسلم saying ‘When you see the new moon, observe fast, and when you see it (again) then break it, and if the sky is cloudy for you, then calculate it.’ and in another narration: Fast when you see it, and break your fast when you see it, and if the weather is cloudy calculate it (the months of Sha'ban and Shawwal) as thirty days.’ Agreed upon on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar رضي الله عنه and a narration like it on the authority of Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه .

    And the meaning of the hadeeth is : Do not fast Ramadan until you see its new moon,and do not end Ramadan until you see the new moon of the month of Shawwaal. If it is too cloudy for you [to see] the new moon of Ramadan, then complete Sha’ban as 30 days .And if it is too cloudy for you [to see] the new moon of Shawwaal then complete the period of Ramdan as 30 days. ((Sharh Muslim))

    Question 6 : What is obligatory upon us if we are prevented from sighting the new moon due to clouds?

    Answer: It is obligatory upon us [when that occurs] to complete the month of Sha’baaan as 30 days ;due to the Ahaadeeth previously mentioned .

    Question 7 : What is the ruling on fasting the day of doubt?

    Answer : It is not permissible to fast it due to the statement of Ammar bin Yaasir رضي الله عنه : 'Whoever fasts on a day in which there is doubt, then he has disobeyed Abul-Qaasim meaning the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم ". Reported by the Four [books of Sunnan] with a connected chain and Al-Bukhaaree as a Mu'allaq [suspended] narration.

    See ((Sharh Muslim)) , ((Al-Muhlaa)) by Ibn Hazm and ((Naylul Awtaar)) by Ash-Shawkaanee .

    Question 8 - What is the ruling of preceding Ramadan by fasting a day or two with a voluntary fast that is outside a person's usual habit ?

    Answer: It is not permissible due to the statement of the Prophet ﷺ : "Do not precede the month of Ramadan by fasting a day or two before it, unless it is the case of a man who normally performs some fast, then let him fast it." Agreed upon on the authority of Abu Hurayrah . And indeed Imam an-Nawawee said that in ((Sharh Muslim)) , And As-San’aanee in ((Subul As-Salaam)) .

    Question 9: Does this include a prohibition for one whose regular habit is to fast voluntarily ,so his habit coincides with a day or two before Ramadan?

    Answer: It is not included because the Prophet ﷺ has indeed exempted such a person. He said: "unless it is the case of a man who normally performs some fast, then let him fast it’"

    Question 10 : Does this prohibition include one who is making up a fast ?

    Answer : It does not include it , because making up a fast (Qadaa) is obligatory.

    Question 11 : Does this prohibition include one who fasts due to an oath ?

    Answer : It does not include it because fulfilling an oath is obligatory.
    A group of the People of knowledge took the opinion that the three aforementioned issues do are not included in the prohibition. From them is Ibn Daqeeq Al-Ee’id in his book ((Ihkaamul Ihkaam fee sharh umdatul ahkaam )) ,and likewise Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar in his book ((Fathul Baaree))

    Question 12 : Is it required in the sighting of the new moon of Ramadan that it is from all of the people ?

    Answer: That is not required by consensus. Rather the meaning of the hadeeth is that the legislative ruling is established by the report of one, trustworthy person,or two with a difference of opinion [regarding that]. ((Subul As-Salaam)).

    Transalated by Abu 'Abdillaah Abdur-Rahman Al-Pakistanee

  3. #3
    Question 13: Is it sufficient for one witness in sighing the new moon of Ramadan?

    Answer: "Yes, and it is the saying of the majority. The evidence for that is the Hadeeth of Abdullah bin Umar bin Al-Khattaab reported by Abu Dawood and Ad-Darami and Ibn Hibbaan. He said : ‘the people sighted the new moon so I informed the Prophet ﷺ that I have sighted it. So he fasted and ordered the people to fast. For indeed the Prophet ﷺ sufficed with the testimony of the trustworthy, reliable Companion, and built [the ruling] based on his report, and he was only one. ((Al-Majmuu’)) by An-Nawawee , ((Sharh Muslim)) ,((Subul As-Salaam)), ((Naylul Awtaar))".

    Question 14 : If the people of the country sight the new moon is it a must for the rest of the countries to agree with it ?

    Answer: "Yes, and it is the more preferred opinion in the issue. The evidence for that must is saying of the Prophet ﷺ : ‘if you see it then fast..’ Agreed upon . and is an address to the remaining members of the Ummah whom are close and far. This the saying of the Maalikiyyah , and a group from the Az-Zayidiyyah ,and Ibn Taymiyyah choose this stance , and Ash-Shawkaanee , and this is the statement of Ash-Shaykh Al-Albanee -May Allah have mercy upon them all- . ((Majmuu’ Al-Fataawaa)) by Ibn Taymiyyah , ((Naylul Awtaar)) , ((Tamaamul Minnah))".

    Question 15 :Upon whom is the fasting of the month of Ramadan obligatory upon?

    Answer: "It is obligatory upon the one who has reached the age of puberty , the one who has a intellect, is a resident, not the one who is menstruating and the one who has post-natal bleeding .

    As for the non-Muslim then upon him to accept Islaam (to then hold fast to fasting.

    And as for the one who has not reached the age of puberty and the one who is insane, then the pens are lifted from them, due to the Hadeeth of Alee and Umar “The pen is lifted from there: a lunatic whose mind is deranged till he is restored to consciousness, a sleeper till he awakes, and a boy till he reaches puberty” Reported by Ahmed and Abu Dawood and Al-Haakim.

    And as for the one who is incapable then Allah عزوجل said: “Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope" [2:286]

    And as for the traveler then Allah عزوجل said: "And whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days" [2:185]

    And as for the menstruating woman or one who has post-natal bleeding ,then the Prophet ﷺ said : "Is it not the case that when a woman menstruates, she neither prays nor fasts?"Agreed upon on the authority of Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudree رضي الله عنه "

    Question 16: Are the children commanded to fast?

    Answer: "It is recommended to order them to fast with the condition that they are able to do so. This is in order that they get accustomed [to it] and they are trained for it when they reach puberty. For indeed the Prophet ﷺ guided us to teach them the prayer while they are children of seven (years old), and to discipline them regarding it when they are children of ten (years old). And this is while they are not legally responsible, but rather for them to become accustomed and that they train. And this is the statement of a group from the salaf".

    Question 17: Is it obligatory upon the woman to fast if her menses stops before Fajr and she did not shower except after it?

    Answer: "Yes, because the preventative has passed away whether she does ghusl before Fajr or afterit.And whether the ghusl is delayed due to an excuse or without an excuse. ((Al-Muhalaa)) by Ibn Hazm"

    Question 18:Whats the ruling in regards to one whom her menses has came to her before the setting of the sun?

    Answer: "It is a must for her to Break it (the fast) if the blood is been discharged before the sunsets even if it is by minutes. It is upon her to make up for that day. As for if she finds it a normal cycle and the blood does not cease except after the sun has gone down, then the Fast is valid. (Al-Muhlaa)),((Fathul Baaree)),((Fiqhul Ibaadaat)) by Ibn Al-’Uthaymeen"

    Question 19 : Is is legislated for the sick one to fast?

    Answer: "Yes,if the fast is not lead to harming himself, or that it will increase his illness,or that it will delay the recovery. As for if it causes something from that, then Allah gave him permission to break the fast".

    Question 20: What is the ruling regarding the woman that is pregnant and breastfeeding that fears for herself?

    Answer: "They both break their fast. It is upon her to make it up due to His saying:“And whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days" [2:185]. They both take the meaning of one who is sick ((Fiqhul Ibaadaat))"

    Question 21: Whats the ruling on a woman using pills to prevent mensturation so that there does not remain upon her any fast to make up?

    Answer: "Shaikh, 'Allamah, Ibn ul-'Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy upon him) said: "That which I see in this issue is that a woman does not do this and she should remain upon what Allah decreed and prescribed upon the daughters of Adam. For verily these monthly cycles Allah has placed a wisdom in its creation and in relation to the health of the woman. If she prevents this cycle, then no doubt this will cause a reaction which will harm the body of the woman. The Prophet said: "There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm." This is not considering what these pills cause of harms to the womb as mentioned by the doctors ((Fiqhul Ibaadaat))".

    Question 22: What is the ruling on the old person who is unable to fast?

    Answer: "He breaks the fast and in place of every day, he feeds a poor person as Bukhaaree mentioned on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Umar. رضي الله عنه And this is the statement of the majority".

    Question 23 : What is the ruling on one who has an illness that there is no recovery from it?

    Answer: "If it sickness prevents him from fasting then his ruling is the same ruling as the old person".

    Question 24 : What is the ruling on one who uses constant treatment and is unable to cut off from it?

    Answer: "If the treatment is an injection, then he uses it during his fast and it does not affect him nor will it break his fast. If the treatment is a drink or food and he cannot abandon it, then his ruling is the same as the old person. He breaks his fast and feeds a poor person everyday, and there's no fasting upon him ((Fiqhul Ibaadaat))"

    Translated By Abu 'Abdillaah Abdur-Rahman Al-Pakistanee



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